Automotive Robot Functions in the Car Industry
Unlike in the past, technology is evolving rapidly. Many automotive companies have adopted the use of car manufacturing robots which are propelling them ahead of their competitors. These robots play a huge role in minimizing warranty costs and enhancing quality.
Additionally, they increase production, protect workers from injury, hard and dangerous jobs, as well as dirt, and alleviate congestion. Car manufacturing plants particularly utilize robots across the supply chain.
Different part manufacturers in the car industry will gain from the use of robots in the automotive manufacturing industry. Manufacturers adopt robots for different reasons such as to enhance safety, capacity, and quality as illustrated below.
· Quality Enhancement
Automotive manufacturing robots minimize part to part fluctuation. While they are highly repeatable, they never grow tired neither do they get distracted. This means that each cycle is executed the same way. Car manufacturing robots are specially designed to handle parts carefully to avoid damaging them.
Additionally, they hold parts without dropping which prevents wastage that was previously as a result of a human fault. Car assembly is prone to variability but this is not the case with the use of robots.
Automotive robots come complete with vision systems and can recognize alteration in incoming components and modify their programmed lanes to accommodate them. This results in reduced errors, increased customer satisfaction, and minimal warranty costs.
· Undertaking Manufacturing Volumes
Automotive supply groups operate under fewer inventories in order to cushion against production interruptions. On the other hand, automotive part producers look forward to steady procedure management and regular times across the manufacturing line.
The slightest problem can render an assembly line dysfunctional. Robots are specially designed to withstand fatigue even after prolonged hours of working. This means that the cycle times and peak manufacturing rates are consistent throughout.
Additionally, operating robots via shift changeovers and breaks produces extra output from manufacturing lines in comparison to manually operated lines.
· Safeguarding Workers
Many tasks in automotive manufacturing are dangerous. Many times, the dangers are self-evident while other times they are dangerous. Robots help prevent these hazards on humans. Robots in car assembly keep workers safe from fumes from painting, welding, press stamping noise and weld flash. Automotive robots reduce injury and accident claims by ensuring that workers stay away from dangerous and dirty jobs.
When compared to dedicated or hard automation, automotive robots are more advantageous. The advantages include,
- Less changeover time between jobs. In many cases, only a flexible gripper is required to stack a new part program.
- Minimal risk of extinction. Sometimes product lines are bound to disappear from the market. When such happens, the robot can be modified at minimal or no costs at all. On the other hand, hard automation will most likely become extinct.
- Ability to handle multiple products. Automotive robots use advanced technology such as RFID tags and vision systems which enables them to process a wide range of parts.
Automotive Robot Applications
Every vehicle comes with numerous parts. It takes countless manufacturing procedures to produce them. Evolutions in the automotive robotics technology include force sensing and vision systems which makes them ideal for robotic automation. Below are some automotive robots application areas.
Some of the tasks that can be executed by automotive robots include installation of windshields, screw driving, and wheel mounting. Various automotive part plants have adopted robots that are capable of assembling small components such as motor and pumps.
Huge robots with elongated reach and immense payload capabilities can undertake spot welding on vehicle body panels and small robots can weld substitute assemblies such as mounts and brackets.
· Material Removal
Since robots can execute tasks repeatedly, they are the perfect tools for cutting tasks and light trimming. Force sensing technology enables the robot to retain constant pressure across surfaces in different applications.
Automotive part producers and car assembly operations are among the biggest robot users in the manufacturing industry. Robots are easily programmable and deployable. However, each project has unique challenges which is why manufacturers wishing to adopt automotive robots need to incorporate the services of experienced and qualified integration supervisor for installation and design.